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New York, USA

November 19 - December 17, 2016

BronxArtSpace Exhibition Website

Real-Fake website

the exhibition press release

Curated by Rachel Clarke, Claudia Hart, and Pat Reynolds

the presents approaches employed by artists exploring artificial xyz space, the non-referenced synthetic image or object, and the specific qualities of the virtual camera that records it. The artists all use 3D software to create work ranging from the still image to animation and interactive installation.

Artists include AES + FMorehshin AllahyariLaTurbo AvedonSophie Kahn (in collaboration with Lisa Parra), Gregory BennettTim Berresheim, Sean CaponeJose Carlos Casado, Rachel Clarke , Shamus Clisset, Birch CooperGero DollMark DorfCarolyn FrischlingJoe HamiltonClaudia HartKurt HentschlagerKim JoonMark KlinkAlex LeePatrick LichtyLocurto-OutcaultKristin LucasSara LudyGerhard MantzChris ManzioneClaudia MateAlex McLeodShane MecklenburgerRosa MenkmanJonathan MonaghanBrenna MurphyEva PapamargaritiWill PappenheimerSabrina RattéMichael ReesPatrick Reynolds,  William Robertson + Alfredo Salazar-CaroBenjamin RosenthalNicole RuggieroMartin SampedroEllen SandorRick SilvaKeith TolchKatie TornMatthew WeinsteinRyan Whittier-HaleFrank Yefeng WangSnow Yunxue FuGiselle ZatonylZeitguised.

Exhibition Press Release

Link to pdf


305 E 140th St #1A

Bronx, NY 10454

(718) 401-8144



Opening Sat, Nov 19, 2016: 4:00- 7 pm 

Closing Sat, Dec 17, 2016


Real Fakes is an updated and expanded version of the, an exhibition organized by Rachel Clarke and Claudia Hart. 2.0 includes the work of 51 post-digital media artists curated by Rachel Clarke and Claudia Hart now joined by Patrick Reynolds.


The original exhibition that took place in 2011, with a premiere at the Cal State Sacramento University Gallery, was accompanied by a website that defined a new and unusual medium at that time, even for the digital arts. The exhibition toured the southern US and East Coast and showed the work of 20 artists that used an array of simulation technologies in the context of contemporary art, exploring for instance artificial “xyz” space, the non-referenced, non-indexical synthetic image/object, or the specific qualities of the virtual camera that records it. The exhibition showcased regional, national and international artists working specifically with digital softwares that simulate natural processes - from physics and biology to analog cinema and photography.


Like the 2011 artists, those  in the 2016 exhibition produce still images, animation, interactivity, sculpture and installation, using 3D animation as their primary medium.  As with their predecessors - the video artists who adapted TV technologies for artistic uses - these artists have appropriated the technology employed in the production of 3D shooter games and feature-length Hollywood animation blockbusters, rejecting or adapting entertainment industry esthetics and content, and instead applying the medium to the trajectory of art history.


Since the first exhibition, artists who work with simulations have driven a wedge into contemporary media practice. The 2016 update,, features the works of 51 contemporary media artists - a list that is by no means inclusive.  These artists consciously isolate and define a formal language native to the simulations of the real, a sub-terrain within an expanding contemporary digital culture, and integrate those elements into a variety of contemporary artistic strategies that emerge from the discourses of media and representation, as they have impacted on photography, experimental film, and installation-based works. 


In 2011 it was rare to find artists involved in contemporary practice that were deeply invested in exploring the computer graphics of simulations. Since then, the practice has expanded and grown into a more broad, contemporary art culture.  The languages of these 51 artists emerge from areas like figurative painting or abstraction, and from artistic movements ranging from Surrealism, Constructivism and Pop Art, as well as avant-garde cinema and experimental animation. Since 2011, “real-fake” computer graphics have finally erased the possibility of considering photography and film as a mirror of reality, as special effects have become pervasive in advertising and Hollywood film.  The future of journalism as objective reportage has been threatened by “reality” television and Fox television, at the forefront in the branding of pseudo-news-as-entertainment. We also currently live in a culture of bioengineering where a prosthetic view of the human body converges the potential of cosmetic surgery with the technological reality of a science-fiction world in which the artificial has uneasily crossed a boundary into the real. The boundaries we once perceived between the physical and the virtual are breaking down as our exposure to simulation technologies becomes more ubiquitous.


In the face of this paradigm shift, artists respond with an esthetic of the fake. This is art that crosses the Freudian uncanny divide, at first creating a sense of disorientation and questioning. Can we trust anything anymore? We have entered a space of madness, a psychotic space articulated by a culture that no longer embraces the difference between a representation and reality. The subjective reality and the objective merge. Fantasy rules.



Artists in the Exhibition


The is an archive as an exhibition.  The works of 51 artists have been collected on a series of reels.  The website has also been expanded and updated.  In addition to the original essays defining real-fake practice written by Claudia Hart and Rachel Clarke, are new essays by Rachel Clarke, Patrick Lichty and Patrick Reynolds expanding the language used to talk about simulations art with technologies that have exploded since the original exhibition, including printed sculpture and augmented and virtual realities.


-Text by Claudia Hart and Rachel Clarke, 2011-2016


In the exhibition are works by:

AES + F                                 

Morehshin Allahyari             

LaTurbo Avedon                   

Sophie Kahn   (in collaboration with Lisa Parra)      

Gregory Bennett                    

Tim Berresheim                     

Sean Capone                          

Jose Carlos Casado                

Rachel Clarke                         

Shamus Clisset                       

Birch Cooper                         

Gero Doll                               

Mark Dorf                             

Carolyn Frischling                 

Joe Hamilton                          

Claudia Hart                           

Kurt Hentschlager                  

Kim Joon                               

Mark Klink                            

Alex Lee                                 

Patrick Lichty                        


Kristin Lucas                         

Sara Ludy                               

Gerhard Mantz                      

Chris Manzione                     

Claudia Mate                         

Alex McLeod                         

Shane Mecklenburger             

Rosa Menkman                      

Jonathan Monaghan               

Brenna Murphy                     

Eva Papamargariti                  

Will Pappenheimer                

Sabrina Ratte                          

Michael Rees                         

Pat Reynolds                         

Benjamin Rosenthal               

Nicole Ruggiero                      

William Robertson + Alfredo Salazar-Caro               

Martin Sampedro                   

Ellen Sandor                           

Rick Silva

Keith Tolch                            

Katie Torn                             

Matthew Weinstein               

Ryan Whittier-Hale               

Frank Yefeng Wang                

Snow Yunxue Fu                    

Giselle Zatonyl                      





Claudia Hart

Rachel Clarke

Patrick Reynolds:

Stephanie Lindquist at the Bronx Art Space:

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